Undergraduate Courses in Department of Organic Synthesis and Fuels

 

 

. Organic Synthesis Module Baccalaureate and Master of Science Academic Degree

 

 

Course

Speciality

Academic Degree

Synopsis

BACCALAUREATE DEGREE

1.

Technology of Organic Synthesis part I

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the processes of the organic synthesis, ecological requisitions according to the Bulgarian and EC law, together with the possibilities for environmental more advisable technologies and tolerant application of the products.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Technology of Organic Synthesis, parts 1 and 2, UCTM, Sofia, 2005; 2. P. Sykes. Mechanism in Organic Chemistry, ed. L. S. Techn., N.Y.,1986; 3. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 1-5, ed. Hutzinger, VCH, 1992; 4. F. Korte. Lehrbook der Okologischen Chemie, Thieme, N.Y, 1992; 5. R. Norman. Principles in Organic Synthesis, Acad, Professional, London, 1993; 6. Basic Organic Chemistry, ed. J. Tedder, Moskwa, 1977; 7. L. Effros, M. Gorelik. Chemistry and Technology of Intermediates, Chemistry, Leningrad, 1980.

2.

Technology of Organic Synthesis part II

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the processes of the organic synthesis, ecological requisitions according to the Bulgarian and EC law, together with the possibilities for environmental more advisable technologies and tolerant application of the products.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Technology of Organic Synthesis, parts 1 and 2, UCTM, Sofia, 2005; 2. P. Sykes. Mechanism in Organic Chemistry, ed. L. S. Techn., N.Y.,1986; 3. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 1-5, ed. Hutzinger, VCH, 1992; 4. F. Korte. Lehrbook der Okologischen Chemie, Thieme, N.Y, 1992; 5. R. Norman. Principles in Organic Synthesis, Acad, Professional, London, 1993; 6. Basic Organic Chemistry, ed. J. Tedder, Moskwa, 1977; 7. L. Effros, M. Gorelik. Chemistry and Technology of Intermediates, Chemistry, Leningrad, 1980.

3.

Biologically Active Compounds

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course introduces in the chemical nature of the fundamental classes of biologically active compounds, their typical representatives and the principles of their preparation.

Literature: 1. . Hristov. Drug Products, ECOPROGRES, 2006; 2. Nikolov, S. Gaitanjiev, L. Donev, N. Hlebarov. Contemporary Pesticides, TECHNIKA, 1976; 3. Reiner, Antibiotics, ROCHE, Thieme, 1982.

4.

Applied Reactions in Organic Synthesis

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course is aimed to upgrade the knowledge obtained in previous courses in the field of the specific for the organic synthesis reactions, their mechanism and application in the sphere of synthetic drugs, dyes, in the synthetic modifying of natural structures etc.

Literature: 1. A. Mavrova, Lectures on Applied Reactions in Organic Synthesis (2003); 2. V.G. Shubin. Toppics in Current chemistry, Springer Verlag, 1984; 3. G. Henz, O. Becker, G. Domschke, E. Fanghaenel et al. Organicum, 19 verarb. Aufl., Berlin, Springer Verlag, 1993; 4. E. G. Korry, U. Bartman, G. Beck et al. Current Trends in Organic Synthesis, eds. Mir, Moskva, 1986 (in Russian); 5. G. L. Mishtchenko, L. Vatsuro et al. Synthetic Methods in the Organic Chemistry, eds. Chimia, Moskva 1982 (in Russian).

5.

Fragrances and Surfactants

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The main objective of the course is to present the aromatic and surface active agents, manufacturing of detergents and application forms.

Literature: 1. E. V. Georgiev. Technology of Natural and Synthetic Aromatic Products, Plovdiv, 1995; 2. D. Dimitrov. Theory of Cosmetic Forms, Plovdiv, 2006; 3. Handbook of Fragrances and Cosmetics, Plovdiv, 2006; 4. S. P. Pletneuv. Surfactants and Compositions, Moskwa, 2002; 5. A. E. Heugreavs. Chemical Formulations, RSC, 2006; 6. The Chemistry of Fragrances, Edited by C.S.Sell, RSC, 2006.

6.

Colour Chemistry (Coloured and Fluorescent organic products)

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the synthesis, properties and application of dyes, pigments and fluorescent compounds.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Colored and Fluorescent Organic Products, UCTM, Sofia, 2003; 2. A. Draganov. Chemistry and Technology of Dyes, Technika, Sofia, 1974; 3. H. Zollinger. Color Chemistry, VCH, N.Y, 1987; 4. Chemisty and Application of Dyes, eds. J. Hallas, D.Waring, Plenum Pess, London, 1990; 5. B. Stepanov. Chemistry and Technology of Dyes,Chimia, Moskwa,1977; 6. P. Gordon, P. Gregory. Organic Chemistry in Color, Spinger, London, 1983; 7. Fluorescent Whitening Agents, ed. R. Anliker, Thieme, N.Y, 1971; 8. W. Herbst, K.Hunger. Industrial Organic Pigments, VCH, 1993.

7.

Synthetic Organic Products and Additives

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the synthesis, properties and application of different synthetic products and additives such as lightstabilizers, plasticizers, accelerators, flame retardants, photographic and photochromic materials.

Literature: 1 V. Bojinov. Synthetic Organic Products and Additives, UCTM, Sofia, 2005; 2. J. F. Rabek. Photodegradation of polymers, Springer, Berlin, 1996; 3. F. Gugumus. Light stabilizers. In: Plastics Additives Handbook, 4th ed., R. Gachter, H. Muller (Editors), Hanser, Munich, 1996. pp 175-194; 4. J. E. Pickett, J. E. Moore. Photostability of UV screeners in polymers and coatings. In: Polymer Durability: Degradation, Stabilization, and Lifetime Prediction, R. L. Clough, N. C. Billingham, K. T. Gillen (Editors), ACS Advances in Chemistry Series 249, American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 1995. pp 287-301; 5. G. Todd. Elements of Color Photography, Watson-Guptill Publications, 2003.

8.

Synthetic and Semisynthetic Drugs

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course offers basic knowledge about different drug classes, prepared by synthetic or semisynthetic methods. The principles of biological activity and the significance for the medicinal practice are presented.

Literature: 1. . Bijev. Synthetic and Semisynthetic Drugs, HTMU, 2003; 2. . Hristov. Drug Products, ECOPROGRES, 2006; 3. Reiner, Antibiotics, ROCHE, Thieme, 1982; 4. . Belcheva, P. Uzunov, Eds., Pharmacology, ZNANIE EOOD, 1998.

9.

Analysis and Identification of Organic Compounds

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The purpose of this course is to teach the students how to identify organic compounds from the complementary information afforded by the different types of spectra (ultraviolet, infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, mass) and chromatographic analysis.

Literature: 1. R. L. Schriner, R. C. Fuson, D. Y. Curtin, T. C. Morrill. The Systematic Identification of Organic Compounds, 6th ed., J.Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980; 2. R. M. Silverstein, G. C. Bassler, T. C. Morrill. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds, Fifth Edition, J.Wiley & Sons, New York, 1991; 3. L. . Kazicina, N. B. Kupletskaya. Application of UV, IR, NMR and MACC Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry, Published by University of Moscow, Moscow, 1979.

10.

Microsynthesis

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course introduces in the possibilities for conduction of various organic reaction with minimal amounts of reagents (several mg) using specific principles, techniques and equipment.

Literature: D. W. Mayo, R. M. Pike, S. S. Butcher. Microscale Organic Laboratory, II Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York et. Al, 1989.

Eligible block: ONE of the following TWO disciplines should be taken

11.1.

Explosives

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

This course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the chemistry and manufacture of the industrial explosives. The course places special emphasis upon utilization of waste products and their transformation in other compounds with useful properties.

Literature: 1 V. Bojinov. Synthetic Organic Products and Additives, UCTM, Sofia, 2005; 2. . Ivanov. Chemistry and Technology of Explosives, Technika, Sofia, 1983; 3. L. V. Dubnov, N. S. Baharevich, . I. Romanov, Industrial Explosives, Nedra, Moscow, 1988.

11.2.

Manufacturing of Perfumes and Cosmetics

Organic Chemistry Technologies

Baccalaureate

The main objective of the course is to present the chemical components and technological aspects of perfumes and cosmetic forms and creams, shampoos, hair colours, make- up products.

Literature: 1. E. V. Georgiev. Technology of Natural and Synthetic Aromatic Products, Plovdiv, 1995; 2. D. Dimitrov. Theory of Cosmetic Forms, Plovdiv, 2006; 3. Handbook of Fragrances and Cosmetics, Plovdiv, 2006; 4. S. P. Pletneuv. Surfactants and Compositions, Moskwa, 2002; 5. A. E. Heugreavs. Chemical Formulations, RSC, 2006; 6. The Chemistry of Fragrances, Edited by C.S.Sell, RSC, 2006.

MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN FINE ORGANIC SYNTHESIS

Baccalaureates from Other Departments and Faculties SHOULD take in the first semester TWO Elective disciplines from The Fundamental Block the list of which is supplied by The Deans Office, and the following TWO disciplines, compilation from those taken by Baccalaureates in The Organic Synthesis Module

1.

Fine Organic Synthesis

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course gives knowledge on the basic processes and products of the fine organic synthesis for those of students who were not graduated in Organic synthesis.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Technology of Organic Synthesis, parts 1 and 2, UCTM, Sofia, 2005; 2. T. Konstantinova. Colored and Fluorescent Organic Products, UCTM, Sofia, 2003; 3. V. Bojinov. Synthetic Organic Products and Additives, UCTM, Sofia, 2005.

2.

Biologically Active Compounds and Fragrances

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course is aimed to upgrade the knowledge of the students in the field of characteristic for the synthesis of bioactive compounds as well as to give knowledge about some drugs in the main pharmacological groups. The discipline treats also the main groups of natural and synthetic fragrance product as well as the detergents.

Literature: 1. A. Mavrova. Lectures on Applied Reactions in Organic Synthesis (2003); 2. A. Bijev. Synthetic and Semisynthetic Drugs, HTMU, Sofia, 2002; A. Dimitrov et al. Detergents, Technika, Sofia, 1981; 4. E. V. Georgiev. Technology of Natural and Synthetic Fragrance Compounds; Zemizdat, Sofia, 1995.

The following courses are studied by all for The Degree of Master of Science in Fine Organic Synthesis

1.

New Trends in Organic Synthesis

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course treats of the new trends in organic synthesis. It pays special attention to the phase transfer catalysis, as especially valuable and perspective method in the practice of organic synthesis, and to the basic principles of technological photochemistry.

Literature: 1. E. Dehmlow, E. Dehmlow. Phase Transfer Catalysis, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, 1983.; 2. S. S. Uffit. Mechanism of Phase Transfer Catalysis, ir, scow, 1984; 3. L. . Yanovskaya, S. S. Uffit. rganic Synthesis in Two Phase Systems, Chemistry, Moscow, 1982; 4. V. Veber, G. Gokel. Phase Transfer Catalysis in Organic Synthesis, ir, scow, 1980; 5. E. Dehmlow, E. Veber. Phase Transfer Catalysis. Properties and Applications, MERCK-Schuchardt, Darmstadt, 1992; 6. A. M. Braun, M. Maurette, E. Oliveros. Technologie Photochimique, Presses polytechniques romandes, Lausanne, 1986.

2.

Luminophores

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the process of luminescence, on the synthesis, properties and application of the organic luminophores.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Colored and Fluorescent Organic Products, UCTM, Sofia, 2003; 2. L. .Krasovizki, B. Bolotin. Organic Luminophores, Chimia, Moskwa, 1985; 2. A. Braun, M. Maurette, E. Oliveros. Technologie Photochimique, Press Polytech, Romande, Lausanne, 1993; 3. H. Zollinger. Color Chemistry, VCH, N.Y, 1987; 4. Chemistry and Application of Dyes, d. J. Hallas, Plenum, N.Y, 1990; 6. Development in the Chemistry and Technology of Organic Dyes, ed. J. Griffiths, Soc. Chem. Industry, Oxford, 1986.

3.

Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR)

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

Possibilities for purposeful search and prognosis of biological activity based on correlation between chemical structure and physic-chemical molecular descriptors.

Literature: 1. C. Hansch, A. Leo. Exploring QSAR: Fundamentals and Applications in Chemistry and Biology, ACS, Washington, DC 1995; 2. E. Stiuper, U. Briuger, P. Dzhurs. Mashinni analys sviaz himicheskoi strukturi i biologicheskoi aktivnosti, MIR, Moskow, 1982. 3. E. Sun, F. E. Cohen. Computer-assisted drug discovery - a review. Gene 137, 127 (1993).

4.

Current Physiologically Active Compounds

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course presents the so called drug of the futurethat were introduced in the medicinal praxis in the last years as antiviral, anticancer, cardiovascular, non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as well as drugs used in the treatment of MS and Alzheimer disease. The discipline is open and will be revive with new developed compounds.

Literature: A. Mavrova, Lectures on Current physiological active compounds; 2003; 2. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology; Cooper, G. S., Chemical carcinogenesis and mutagenesis, Vol. 94, 1990; 3. Drugs of the Future, Vol. 26-30 (1-12), 2001-2006; 4. Drug Data Report, Vol. 24-27 (1-2), 2002-2005; 5. Gudman & Gylmans, Pharmacological Bases of Therapy, edicina, Sofia, 1996 (in Bulgarian).

5.

High Technology Applications of Organic Compounds

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the application of the organic compounds in high technology, such as lasers, optical data storage devices, optical filters, LCD, electro- and thermography etc.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Colored and Fluorescent Organic Products, UCTM, Sofia, 2003; 2. P. Gregory. High Technology Application of Organic Colorants, Plenum Press, London, 1992; 3. Infraded Absorbing Dyes, ed. M. Matsuoka, Plenum Press, 1994; 4. Development in the Chemistry and Technology of Organic Dyes, ed. J. Griffiths, Soc. Chem. Industry, Oxford, 1984; 5. H. Zolinger, Color Chemistry, VCH, Weinheim, 1987; 6. The Chemistry and Application of Dyes, eds. D. Waring, G. Hallas, Plenum press, London, 1992.

6.

Design of Biologically Active Compounds

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

Four versions of rational drug design based on different information about biological target and the known ligands, assisted by QSAR, molecular modeling and genomics are studied.

Literature: 1. R. B. Silverman. The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Academic Press, New York, 1992; 2. D. Lednicer. Strategies for Organic Drug Synthesis and Design, Academic Press, 1999; 3. E. J. Ariens, A. M. Simonis. Design of Bioactive Compounds, 1991.

Eligible block: TWO of the following EIGHT disciplines should be taken

7.

Colorants for Food and Cosmetics

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course gives knowledge on the application of the organic colorants of natural and synthetic origin for coloration of food and cosmetics, the requisitions for their application and modern trends for environmental more tolerant application.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Colored and Fluorescent Organic Products, UCTM, Sofia, 2003; 2. Developments in food colours, ed. J. Walford, Appl. Sci. Publ. Ltd., London-1990; 2. Developments in Food Colours, ed. J. Walford, Appl. Sci. Publ. Ltd., London, 1990; 3. H. Zollinger. Color Chemistry, VCH, N.Y, 1987; 4. Chemistry and Application of Dyes, ed. D. Waring, J. Hallas, Plenum, N. Y, 1990; 5. Fluorescence and Its Analytical Application in Pharmacy, ed. G. Sorbie, Labofarma, Marseille, 1989.

8.

Antioxidants and UV Absorbers

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The purpose of the course is to give knowledge on the degradation of organic materials as well as on the possible ways to solve this problem. The course places special emphasis upon synthesis and application of different types of antioxidants and UV absorbers. It also discusses on the structure-activity relationship in the organic stabilizers.

Literature: 1. B. N. Gorbunov, Y. . Gurvich, I. P. Maslova. Chemistry and Technology of Polymer Stabilizers, Chemistry, Moscow, 1981; 2. Aspects of Degradation and Stabilization of Polymers, H. H. G. Jellinek (Editor), Elsevier, New York, 1978; 3. Polymer Additives, J. E. Kresta (Edditor), Plenum Press, New York, 1984; 4. V. . Roginskii. Phenolic Antioxidants, Reactivity and Efficiency, Nauka, scow, 1988; 5. V. Bojinov. Synthetic Organic Products and Additives, UCTM, Sofia, 2005.

9.

Colour Photography

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course gives knowledge on the principles of colour photography and different photographical systems as well as of the photographic materials such as sensitizer dyes, emulsion stabilizers, developers, colour formation compounds etc.

Literature: 1. . V. Redko. Grounding in Black-White and Colour Photo Processes, Iscustvo, scow, 1990; 2. Organic Photochromic Materials, ed. . V. Eltcov, Chemistry, Leningrad, 1982; 3. V. . Barachevskii, G. I. Lashkov, V. . Tcehomskii. Photochromism and Its Application, Chemistry, scow, 1977; 4. G. H. Dorion, A.F.Wiebe. Photochromism: Optical and Photographic Application, Focal Press, New York, 1970; 5. . Miz, . James. Theory of Photographic Process, Chemistry, Leningrad, 1980; 6. V. Bojinov. Synthetic Organic Products and Additives, UCTM, Sofia, 2005.

10.

Color and Constitution of Organic Molecules

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The course gives knowledge on the color and structure relationship in the organic compounds based on the PPP-MO theory and practical application of this.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Colored and Fluorescent Organic Products, UCTM, Sofia, 2003; 2. J. Griffiths. Colour and Constitution of Organic Molecules, Academic Press, London, 1976; 3. H. Zollinger. Color Chemistry, VCH, N.Y, 1987; 4. B. Stepanov. Chemistry and Technology of Dyes, Chimia, Moskwa, 1977.

11.

Combinatorial Chemistry and Retro-synthesis

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

Combinatorial approaches and synthetic techniques for preparation of compound libraries as a high-throughput method in the contemporary design of drugs and new materials. Retro-synthesis supplements the course by the methodology for synthesis planning of more complex organic compounds is studied.

Literature: 1. J. Fuhrhop, G. Penzlin. Organic Synthesis: Concepts, Methods, Starting Materials, Verlag Chemie GmbH, Weinheim, 1984; 2. M. B. Smith, Organic Synthesis, McGRAW-HILL, Inc., 1994; 3. E. J. Corey. The Logic of Chemical Synthesis: Multistep Synthesis of Complex Carbogenic Molecules (Nobel Lecture), Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 30, 455 (1991); 4. Combinatorial Chemistry: A Powerful Tool Emerges for the Pharmaceuticals, Materials, and Chemicals Research Industries: http://www.prweb.com/releases/2002/7/prweb42846.php

12.

Pharmaceutical Agents of Natural Origin

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The most important bioactive natural compounds and some of their semisynthetic derivatives finding application as drugs are discussed. Methods of isolation, separation, and storage are treated.

Literature: 1. Mavrova, A., Lectures on Pharmaceutical Agents of Natural Origin, 2003; 2. V. G.Belikov. Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Visshaia shkola, Moskva, 1989 (in Russian); 3. L. Zhelyazkov, Chemistry of Organic Drugs, Medicina i Kultura, Sofia 1971 (in Bulgarian); 4. P. N. Manolov et al. Clinic Phytotherapy, Dios, Sofia 1998 (in Bulgarian); 5. V.P. Sacharov. Drugs of Plant Origin and Production Methods, Arida, Sofia, 1993 (in Bulgarian); 6. G. McKena. Alternative of Antibiotics, Arida, Sofia, 2000 (in Bulgarian).

13.

Advanced Trends in Cosmetic Formulations and Perfumes

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The main topics cover the application of natural and synthetic compounds in cosmetic formulations-lotions, creams, foams, powders, hybrid matrices for controlled release of fragrances and bioactive components.

Literature: 1. E. V. Georgiev. Technology of Natural and Synthetic Aromatic Products, Plovdiv, 1995; 2. D. Dimitrov. Theory of Cosmetic Forms, Plovdiv, 2006; 3. Handbook of Fragrances and Cosmetics, Plovdiv, 2006; 4. S. P. Pletneuv. Surfactants and Compositions, Moskwa, 2002; 5. A. E. Heugreavs. Chemical Formulations, RSC, 2006; 6. The Chemistry of Fragrances, Edited by C.S.Sell, RSC, 2006.

14.

Pharmaceutical and Cosmetics Formulations Control and Standardization

Fine Organic Synthesis

Master of Science

The discipline introduced the students to the theoretical bases and methods for creation of pharmaceutical and cosmetics formulations as well as to the method of the control and standardization of drugs.

Literature: 1. A. Mavrova. Lectures on Pharmaceutical and cosmetics formulations - control and standardization, (2003); 2. Legislation for Drugs in Pharmacies and Human Medicine, Republic Bulgaria, 1995 (in Bulgarian); 3. Bulgarian Pharmacopoeia, Monographs and methods for analysis, 1998 (in Bulgarian); 4. European Encyclopedia, 3-th Edition, 1997; 5. S. Kafedjiiski. European Standards for Drugs Production, Medicina i Fiskultura, Sofia, 1996; 6. E. Minkov, R. Shekerdjiiski, I. Lakovska. Thechnology of Drugs, Medicina i Kultura, 1988 (in Bulgarian); 7. National Agensy of Drugs: Practicum in GMP, Sofia, 1999 (in Bulgarian).

 

 

 

. Fuels Module Baccalaureate and Master of Science Academic Degree

 

 

Course

Speciality

Academic Degree

Synopsis

BACCALAUREATE DEGREE

1.

Chemistry of Fossil and Natural fuels

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The discipline introduces the students to the main types of fossil and natural fuels, their composition and characteristic physicochemical properties.

Literature. 1. D. Rustchev et al. Chemistry and Technology of the Solid Fuels. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1979 (in Bulgarian). 2. G. Angelova. Chemistry and Technology of the Solid and Synthetic Fuels. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1982 (in Bulgarian). 3. Chemistry of Petroleum and Gas. Ed. Z. I. Suniaev, Chimia Publ. Ho., Leningrad, 1984 (in Russian). 4. M. M. Gerasimov et al. Chemistry and Physics of Petroleum and Gas. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1990 (in Bulgarian)

2.

Transport, Storage and Application of Hydrocarbon Gases

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The discipline outlines the present and future tendencies in the use of hydrocarbon gases as fuel and as raw materials for the chemical industry. The modern methods for the preparation and transport of the hydrocarbon gases are presented. Special emphasis is placed on production, pipeline transportation, gasification of liquefied gases, gas supplying stations, etc.

Literature. 1. M. A. Berlin et al., Processing of Petroleum and Natural Gases. Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1981 (in Russian). 2. P. A. Aliev et al. Pipieline transportation of Petroleum and Gas. Moscow, Nedra Publ. Ho., 1988 (in Russian). 3. F. G. Gainullin et al. Natural Gas as Motor Fuel in Transpor-tation, Moscow, Nedra Publ. Ho., 1986 (in Russian).

3.

Technology of Petroleum Processing

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The discipline reviews the knowledge of the composition and properties of petroleum and hydrocarbon gases and the relevant technologies for their processing. This is a fundamental course which allows for studying the rest of the specialized disciplines.

Literature. K. Kaishev, V. Nikolova. Fundamentals of Petroleum Processing. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1989 (in Bulgarian). 2. Iu. M. Jorov. Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes. Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1985 (in Russian). 3. R. Z. Magaril. Theoretical Foundations of the Chemical Processes for Petroleum Processes. Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1985 (in Russian). 4. Modern Petroleum Technology. Vol. 2. Downstream. Ed. A. G. Lucas, 6th ed., Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U. K., 2000.

4

Technology of Solid Fuels Processing (with course design project)

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The discipline reviews the mechanisms of the various processes taking place in the thermal treatment of the solid fuels. The knowledge obtained by the students allows them to find the most appropriate processing method. The processes for preliminary preparation of coal are also summarized. A necessary amount of knowledge of the coking process and coke furnaces is given, so that the students can prepare the design project.

Literature: 1. A. N. Chistiakov. Technology of Coke and Chemicals Production with Problems and Questions. Metallurgia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1983 (in Russian); 2. Handbook of the Coke Chemist. V. I and II. Metallurgia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1983 (in Russian); 3. D. Valchev, K. Stanulov. Course Design Projects from The Technology of Fuels. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1975 (in Bulgarian).

5.

Chemistry of Combustion and Ecology

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The basic knowledge of ecology and technical thermodynamics, obtained in previous courses and the specialized knowledge of technology of fuels are upgraded. The main definitions and parameters of the combustion processes are revisited and complemented with the main combustion chemical reactions. The formation of ecologically harmful products in combustion in different installations is described from a chemical point of view.

Literature: 1. G. Cholakov, G. Shopov. Lectures on Chemistry of Combustion and Ecology, 2005 (in Bulgarian). 2. R. B.Ahmedov, L. M. Tcirulnikov. Technology of Combustion of Combustible Gases and Liquid Fuels. Leningrad, Nedra Publ. Ho., 1984 (in Russian). 3. P. G. Demidov. Combustion and Properties of Combustibles. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1976 (in Bulgarian). 4. I. Glassman. Combustion. London, Academic Press, Inc., 1996.

6.

Course Design Project on Computations in The Technology of Petroleum Processing

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course project requires the computation of one of the technological apparata used in the primary and/or the secondary processing of petroleum.

Literature: 1. D. Valchev, G. Koralski. Course Design Projects from The Technology of Petroleum. Printing Ho. UCTM-Bourgas. Bourgas, 1981 (in Bulgarian). 2. D. Valchev, K. Stanulov. Course Design Projects from The technology of Fuels. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1975 (in Bulgarian). 3. M. G. Rudin, G. F. Smirnov. Design of Petroleum Processing and Petrochemical Plants. Chimia Publ. Ho., Leningrad, 1984 (in Russian).

7.

Computations in The Technology of Fuel Processing

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The computations in the processing of petroleum, gases and solid fuels are described as a continuation of the disciplines in chemical engineering and technology of fuels. The course has two main parts computations in petroleum and gas processing, and computations in solid fuels processing. Emphasis is placed on the work with computer simulators, databases and handbooks, and with empirical relationships. In the second part the computations in the preliminary preparation of coal, gasification and coke production are studied.

Literature: 1. D. Valchev, G. Koralski. Processes and Aparata in the Petroleum Processing and Petrochemical Industry. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1991 (in Bulgarian). 2. I. A. Alexandrov. Distillation and Rectification in Petroleum Processing. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1981 (in Russian). 3. I. M. Hanin, V. V. Iushin. Material and Heat Balance of Coke Furnaces. Metallurgizdat Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1968 (in Russian). 4. D. Rustchev. Coke-Chemical Production. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1973 (in Bulgarian).

8.

Chemmotology

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course presents the engineering and technical aspects of the quality, functional properties and application of the fuels, lubricants and special fluids for heat engines and lubricating systems.

Literature: A. A. Gureev et al. Chemmotology. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1986 (in Russian). 2. Theoretical Foundations of Chemmotology. Ed. A. A. Bratkov, Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1985 (in Russian). 3. D. Klamann. Greases and Similar Products. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1988 (in Russian). 4. G. F. Bolshakov. Physicochemical Foundations of the Applications of Fuels and Oils. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ. Ho., 1987 (in Russian). 5. Iu. L. Ishchuk. Composition, Structure and Properties of Greases. Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. Ho. 1996 (in Russian). 6. Bartz,W. J. Handbuch der Betriebstoffe fur Kraftfahr-zeuge, Teil 2, Expert Verlag, 1983 (in German).

9.

Petrochemical Synthesis

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The course presents the main processes for petrochemical syntheses, producing raw materials for the organic chemical industry. Special attention is given to the bulk chemicals produced in Bulgaria, and the promising new production technologies. Alternative technological schemes, process parameters and their influence on the yield and quality of the products are outlined. Specific apparata and their functions are presented along the technical safety, fire protection and ecological problems of the production of petrochemicals.

Literature: 1. I. Iordanov. Lecture Notes on the Chemical Processing of Petroleum Products. Publ. Ho. of MPE, Sofia, 1981 (in Bulgarian). 2. S. Adelson. Technology of Petrochemical Synthesis. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1985 (in Russian). 3. N. N. Lebedev. Chemistry and Technology of the Basic and Petrochemical Synthesis, Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1988 (in Russian).

Eligible block: ONE of the following THREE disciplines should be taken

10.1.

Production of Lubricants

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The principles of the production of base and doped mineral oils, synthetic oils, plastic lubricants, special fluids, etc. are studied in this course. The specifications and methods for input control of the quality of raw materials, reagents, etc. in the production of the different commodities are presented. The technological schemes, parameters of the processes and their control, technical characteristics of the specific aparatta, reactors and utilities, good practice and safety are outlined.

Literature: 1. K. Kaishev, V. Nikolova. Fundamentals of Petroleum Processing. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1989 (in Bulgarian). 2. Modern Petroleum Technology. Vol. 2. Downstream. Ed. A. G. Lucas, 6th ed., Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U. K., 2000. 3. Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants, Ed. by R. M. Mortimer and S. T. Orzulik, 2nd ed., Blackie Academic and Professional (Chapman and Hall Imprint), London, 1997. 3. Iu. L. Ishchuk. Technology of Greases. Kiev, Naukova Dumka Publ. Ho. 1986 (in Russian). 4. Synthetic Lubricants and Fluids. Ed. R. S. Gunderson, A. W. Hart. Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1965 (in Russian).

10.2.

Technology of Coke and Coke Chemicals

 

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The discipline introduces the students to the properties and chemical composition of the coke pitch, as well as to the fields of industrial application of the more important compounds, isolated from it. The main technological schemes and apparatuses for the cooling and condensation of the volatile products from coking, the separation of the coke pitch from the water, the processing of the pitch and the fractions obtained from its rectification are presented.

Literature: 1. D. Rustchev. Production of Coke and Coke Chemicals. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1983 (in Bulgarian). 2. G. N. Makarov et al. Chemical Technology of the Solid Combustible Fossils. Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1983 (in Russian). 3. V. S. Tkachev, M. A. Ostapenko.. The Coke and Chemicals Plants. Moscow, Metallurgia Publ. Ho., 1983 (in Russian). 4. G. Angelova. Chemistry and Technology of the Solid and Synthetic Fuels. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1982 (in Bulgarian). 5. S. N. Lazarin, E. A. Scripnik. Coal Resin Manufacture and Processing. Moscow, Metallurgia Publ. Ho., 1985 (in Russian).

10.3.

Fuel and Lubricant Additives Manufacture

Organic Chemical Technologies

Baccalaureate

The chemistry, technology and functional performance of the fuel and lubricant additives are studied. The major types of additives are described together with their chemical structure, and the raw materials, chemical reactions and technological operations used in their manufacture. The principles of the formulation of additive packages are reviewed from the point of view of synergism and antagonism between additives, base fuels and oils.

Literature: 1. Modern petroleum technology. Vol. 2. Downstream. Ed. A. G. Lucas, 6th ed., Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U.K, 2000. 2. Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants, Ed. by R. M. Mortimer and S. T. Orzulik, 2nd ed., Blackie Academic and Professional (Chapman and Hall Imprint), London, 1997. 3. A. A. Kuliev. Chemistry and Technology of The Additives for Fuels and Lubricants, Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1986 (in Russian).

Disciplines, taught by the Department of Organic Synthesis and Fuels for Baccalaureates from Other Faculties

11.

Pollution and Cleaning of Air

Engineering Ecology and Environment Protection

Baccalaureate

The options for monitoring, control and management of the criteria and specific air pollutants at source are described. Special attention is given to the modern methods for purification of flue gases and disposal of waste.

Literature: 1. N. de Nevers. Air Pollution Control Engineering, McGraw-Hill, N.-Y., 1995. 2. G. St. Cholakov, G. K. Shopov. In: (UNESCO Internet) Encyclopaedia of Life Supporting Systems, EOLSS Publishers Co., 2006, www.eolss.net.

MASTER OF SCIENCE DEGREE IN FOSSIL, NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC FUELS

Baccalaureates from Other Departments and Faculties SHOULD take in the first semester TWO Elective disciplines from The Fundamental Block the list of which is supplied by The Deans Office, and the following THREE disciplines from those taken by Baccalaureates from The Department of Organic synthesis and Fuels: Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum; Chemistry and Technology of Solid Fuels and Computations in Technology of Petroleum Processing

The following disciplines are studied by all for The Degree of Master of Science in Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

1.

Theory of the Thermo-catalytic Processes of Petroleum Processing

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

Studied are the thermodynamics, kinetics and mechanisms of the reactions of the hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon components of the petroleum raw materials for the thermal and catalytic processing of petroleum.

Literature: 1. R. Z. Magaril. Theoretical Foundations of the Chemical Processes for Petroleum Processing. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1985 (in Russian). 2. B. Gates, J. Ketcir. Chemistry of Catalytic Processes. Mir Publ. Ho. Moscow, 1981 (in Russian). 3. Iu. M. Jorov. Isomerization of Hydrocarbons. Chimia Publ. Ho. Moscow, 1981 (in Russian)

2.

Structure and Functional Properties of Fuel and Lubricant Additives

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

The chemistry and the functional performance of the fuel and lubricant additives are studied with an emphasis on the development and practical application of quantitative structure property relationships (QSPRs) for them. The relevant theory and practice of molecular design and product design, and the future of systematic formulation of additive products are described within the required limits.

Literature: 1. G. Cholakov, Lectures on Fuel and Lubricant Additives Manufacture, 1996 (in Bulgarian). 2. Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants, Ed. R. M. Mortimer, S. T.Orzulik, 2nd ed., Blackie Academic and Professional (Chapman and Hall Imprint), London, 1997. 3. A. Horvath. Molecular design, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992.

3.

Structure and Properties of Coal and the Carbon-Graphite Materials.

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

Studied are the structure and properties of the carbon-graphite materials, and the requirements for the raw materials from which they are produced. The modern understanding of the structure and properties of coals and the carbon-graphite materials are outlined with the novel and traditional methods for coal studies UV and IR spectroscopy, NMR, DTA, etc., and the methods analysis of the sulfur and oxygen functional groups.

Literature: 1. L. Lazarov, G. Angelova. Structure and Reactions of Coal. BAS Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1990 (in Bulgarian). D. Rustchev. Chemistry of Solid Fuels. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1966. 3. Z. V. Lipovich. Chemistry and Processing of Coal. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1988 (in Russian).

4.

Course Design Project on Technology of Petroleum and Gas Processing

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

Summarizes all knowledge obtained on the technology of petroleum and gas processing, obtained through all specialized disciplines, through the development of a technological scheme for the processing of a crude oil, and the relevant marketing and material balances.

Literature: 1. D. Valchev, G. Koralski. Course Design Projects from The Technology of Petroleum. Printing Ho. UCTM-Bourgas. Bourgas, 1981 (in Bulgarian). 2. D. Valchev, G. Koralski. Design of Petroleum Processing Plants. Printing Ho. UCTM-Bourgas. Bourgas, 1981 (in Bulgarian). 3. M. G. Rudin, G. F. Smirnov. Design of Petroleum Processing and Petrochemical Plants. Chimia Publ. Ho., Leningrad, 1984 (in Russian).

Elective Block: Course Research Project and FIVE out of the following NINE disciplines should be taken

5.

Coke Chemistry

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

Studied are the main technological flowsheets and apparata for cooling and condensation of the volatile products of coking; the processing of pitch and the modern methods for extraction of ammonia, pyridine bases and arenas from the coke gas.

Literatrure: 1. D. Rustchev. Production of Coke and Coke Chemicals. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1983 (in Bulgarian). 2. G. N. Makarov. Chemical Technology of the Solid Combustible Fossils, Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1986 (In Russian).

6.

Complex Use of Solid Fuels

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

Studied is the extraction of the solid fuels with organic solvents and chemical agents, as well as their thermal processing (high speed pyrolisis, catalityc gasification and hydrogenation), the production of coal-oil and coal-water suspensions, soot, active carbon, thermo-plastisizers, and the utilization of the mineral mass.

Literature: 1. G. N. Makarov. Chemical Technology of the Solid Combustible Fossils, Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1986 (In Russian). 2. G. Angelova. Chemistry and Tehnology of Solid and Synthetical Fuels. Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1982.

7.

Energy-chemical Utilization of the Solid Fuels and Water

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

Studied is the storage, in-house transportation and the preparation of the solid fuels, used in the Thermo-Electrical Power Stations, the mechanization of the on-line taking of samples and control of the fuel quality. The importance of the quality of water for Thermo-Electrical and Nuclear Power Stations, and the control of its parameters.

Literature: 1. E. Hoffmann. Energo-technological Use of Coal. Moscow, Energoatomizdat Publ. Ho.,1989 (in Russian). 2. I. Dobrevski. Technology of Water Part I., Sofia, Technika Publ. Ho., 1982 (In Bulgarian).

8.

Ecological Problems in the Processing and Use of Fuels

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

The main sources of environmental pollution in the excavation, transportation, processing and use of fuels are characterized together with the options for control of the principal pollutants from the different processes used for the transformation of petroleum and coal into fuels.

Literature: 1. G. Cholakov, G. Shopov. Lecture Notes on Chemistry of Combustion and ecology, 2005 (in Bulgarian). 2. G. St. Cholakov, G. K. Shopov. In: (UNESCO Internet) Encyclopaedia of Life Supporting Systems, EOLSS Publishers Co., 2006, www.eolss.net. 3. Modern Petroleum Technology. Vol. 2. Downstream. Ed. A. G. Lucas, 6th ed., Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U. K., 2000.

9.

Theoretical Foundations of Chemmotology

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

The theoretical foundations of the chemical and phico-chemical processes taking place in the use and storage of the petroleum fuels and lubricants.

Literature: 1. Theoretical Foundations of Chemmotology. Ed. A. A. Bratkov. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1985 (in Russian). 2. G. F. Bolshakov. Physicochemical Foundations of the Application of Fuels and Oils. Novosibirsk, Nauka Publ. Ho., 1987 (in Russian). 3. W. J. Bartz. Handbuch der Betriebstffe fur Kreftffahrzeuge, Teil 2, Expert Verlag, 1983 (in German). 4. A. A. Gureev. Volatility of Fuels for Piston Engines. Moscow, 1982 (in Russian).

10.

Theory of Petrochemical Processes

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

The course presents the theoretical foundations of the main petrochemical production processes. The basic relationships in the processes of oxidation, halogenation, hydration and dehydration, sulphonation and sulfation, synthesis of high molecular mass compounds, etc. are also outlined.

Literature: 1. S. V. Adelson. Technology of Petrochemical Synthesis. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1985 (in Russian). 2. N. N. Lebedev. Chemistry and Technology of the Basic and Petrochemical Synthesis. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1988 (in Russian). 3. I. Iordanov. Lecture Notes on the Chemical Processing of Petroleum Products. Publ. Ho. of MPE, Sofia, 1981.

11.

Alternative Fuels

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

The main alternatives to the fossil fuels used now are described. A suitable amount of material is given for the future of the nuclear and hydrogen energy production, and for the Bulgarian energy problems and the options for their solution.

Literature: 1. G. St. Cholakov, G. K. Shopov. In: UNESCO Encyclopaedia of Life Supporting Systems, EOLSS Publishers Co., 2006, www.eolss.net. 2. Modern petroleum technology. Vol. 2. Downstream. Ed. A. G. Lucas, 6th ed., Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U. K., 2000. 3. G. A. Terentiev et al. Motor fuels from Alternative Resources. Chimia Publ Ho., Moscow, 1989 (in Russian).

12.

Computer Design and Simulation in Petroleum Processing

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

Presents the structure modern of computer simulators (HYSYS, ChemCAD, PRO II, Design II) and their application in petroleum processing from the point of view of the already obtained knowledge in the petroleum processing technology.

Literature: 1. G. Cholakov. Lecture Notes on Computations in Petroleum Processing, 1996 . 2. Modern Petroleum Technology. Vol. 2. Downstream. Ed. A. G. Lucas, 6th ed., Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U. K., 2000. 3. D. S. Jones. Elements of Petroleum Processing. Wiley and Sons, Chichester, England, 1995. 4. W. D. Seider, J. D. Seader, D. R. Lewin. Process design principles. Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1998. 5. Introduction to HYSYS, Hyprotech Europe, Barcelona, Spain, 2001. 6. Demo versions of main simulators.

13.

Fundamentals of the Processing and Use of Petroleum Gases.

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

The fundamentals of the processing and use of petroleum gases are studies. Attention is given to the theoretical basics of the liquefaction and fractionation of the hydrocarbon gases and the features of the main apparata employed.

Literature. 1. M. A. Berlin. Processing of the Petroleum and Natural Gases. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1981 (in Russian). 2. B. P. Jishenko. Hydrocarbon Gases. Nedra Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1986.

14.

Course Research Project

Fossil, Natural and Synthetic Fuels

Master of Science

During the first two semesters each student develops and defends a course research project, usually related to the diploma project he/she is going to prepare.

Disciplines, taught by the Department of Organic Synthesis and Fuels for Masters from Other Faculties

15.

Combustion Processes and Ecology

Environment Protection

Master of Science

The main chemical reactions in the ignition and combustion of the modern fuels and their participation in the formation of harmful to the environment pollutants are presented. The modern development of the chain-radical theory of combustion and the theoretical explanation of detonation, deflagration and self-ignition are described. The relationship between the engineering realization of combustion and the composition of the flues gases is analyzed. The systems for after-treatment, the alternative fuel and engine options are also given attention.

Literature. 1. G. Cholakov, G. Shopov. Lecture Notes on Chemistry of Combustion and Ecology, 2005 (in Bulgarian). 2. G. Cholakov. Chemistry of Combustion and Pollution from Vehicles, Course given at The Ben Gurion University, Israel, 2002. 3. G. Shopov, G. Cholakov. Lecture Notes on Air Pollution Management, 2005. 4. Air Pollution Engineering Manual, Van Nostrand Reingold, N.-Y., 2000. 5. I. Glassman. Combustion, 3rd ed., Academic Press, Inc., London, 1996.

 

 

 

. Speciality Technology of Organic Synthesis and Fuels Technological College

At Univetsity of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy (Sofia)

 

 

Course

Speciality

Academic Degree

Synopsis

1.

Chemistry of Petroleum and Gases

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

Presented are the main physico-chemical properties of petroleum, the petroleum fractions and the petroleum products, and the methods for their estimation. The methods for separation of the hydrocarbon groups and the non-hydrocarbon compounds, existing in petroleum, its fractions and final products are also studied.

Literature: 1. M. Gerassimov, D. Valchev, D. Minkov. Chemistry of Petroleum and Gases. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1984; 2. Kr. Kaishev, V. Nikolova. Fundamentals of Petroleum Processing. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1989; 3. I. Iordanov, D. Valchev, I. Zahariev. Practicum for Laboratory Exercises in Chemistry of petroleum and Petrochemical Synthesis. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1969.

2.

Chemistry of Solid Fuels

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The discipline introduces the students to the most widely used solid fuels peat, coal, bituminous shales and combustible agricultural waste. The main parameters of these fuels and the methods for their estimation are also studied, together with the main chemical transformations in the processing of the fuels.

Literature: 1. D. Rustchev, E. Bekiarova. Chemistry and Technology of Solid Fuels. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1979; 2. G. Angelova. Chemistry and Technology of the Solid and Synthetic Fuels, Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1982; 3. A. Kamneva. Chemistry of the Combustible Fossils. Moscow, Chimia Publ. Ho., 1974.

3.

Processes in Organic Synthesis

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the processes of the organic synthesis, ecological requisitions according to the Bulgarian and EC law, together with the possibilities for environmental more advisable technologies and tolerant application of the products.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Technology of Organic Synthesis, parts 1 and 2, UCTM, Sofia, 2005; 2. P. Sykes. Mechanism in Organic Chemistry, ed. L. S. Techn., N.Y.,1986; 3. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 1-5, ed. Hutzinger, VCH, 1992; 4. F. Korte. Lehrbook der Okologischen Chemie, Thieme, N.Y, 1992; 5. R. Norman. Principles in Organic Synthesis, Acad, Professional, London, 1993; 6. Basic Organic Chemistry, ed. J. Tedder, Moskwa, 1977; 7. L. Effros, M. Gorelik. Chemistry and Technology of Intermediates, Chemistry, Leningrad, 1980.

4.

Fundamentals of Petroleum and Gas Processing

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course provides basic knowledge of the processes and the methods for the processing of petroleum and gases, together with the principle technological flowsheets and apparata. The main chemical, physical and catalytic methods for refining are reviewed and the main design features of reactors, machines and apparata are outlined with their working parameters and variables for control.

: 1. Kr. Kaishev, V. Nikolova. Fundamentals of Petroleum Processing. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1989; 2. R. Z. Magaril. Theoretical Foundations of the Chemical Processes for Petroleum Processing. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1985; 3. Modern Petroleum Technology. Vol. 2. Downstream. Ed. A. G. Lucas, 6th ed., Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U. K., 2000.

5.

Fundamentals of Solid Fuels Processing

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course presents the main methods for processing of the solid fuels semicoking, coking, gasification and hydrogenation, as well as the factors which influence them. The processes for preliminary preparation of the coals are also studied. The main methods for the manufacture of active carbon, coal-oil anjd coal- water suspensions are also reviewed.

: 1. D. Rustchev, E. Bekiarova, Chemistry and Technology of Solid Fuels. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1979; 2. G. Angelova. Chemistry and Technology of the Solid and Synthetic Fuels, Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1982; 3. G. Shilling, D. Bonn, U. Kraus. Gasification of Coal. Nedra Publ. Ho. 1986; 4. G. Makarov et al., Chemical Technology of the Solid Combustible Fossils. Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1986; 5. D. Zabramnii et al. Coal Humic Acids and TheirUutilization. Fan Publ. Ho., Tashklent, 1980.

6.

Antibiotics, Pesticides and Vitamines

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course presents introduction in the chemical nature, physiological activity, the preparation possibilities and application of three important classes of biologically active compounds.

Literature: 1. . Hristov. Drug Products, ECOPROGRES, 2006; 2. Nikolov, S. Gaitanjiev, L. Donev, N. Hlebarov. Contemporary Pesticides, TECHNIKA, 1976; 3. Reiner, Antibiotics, ROCHE, Thieme, 1982.

7.

Analytical Methods in Organic Synthesis

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The purpose of this course is to teach the students how to identify organic compounds from the complementary information afforded by the different types of spectra (ultraviolet, infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, mass) and chromatographic analysis.

Literature: 1. R. L. Schriner, R. C. Fuson, D. Y. Curtin, T. C. Morrill. The Systematic Identification of Organic Compounds, 6th ed., J.Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980; 2. R. M. Silverstein, G. C. Bassler, T. C. Morrill. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds, Fifth Edition, J.Wiley & Sons, New York, 1991; 3. L. . Kazicina, N. B. Kupletskaya. Application of UV, IR, NMR and MACC Spectroscopy in Organic Chemistry, Published by University of Moscow, Moscow, 1979.

8.

Coloured and Fluorescent Organic Products

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the synthesis, properties and application of dyes, pigments and fluorescent compounds.

Literature: 1. T. Konstantinova. Colored and Fluorescent Organic Products, UCTM, Sofia, 2003; 2. A. Draganov. Chemistry and Technology of Dyes, Technika, Sofia, 1974; 3. H. Zollinger. Color Chemistry, VCH, N.Y, 1987; 4. Chemisty and Application of Dyes, eds. J. Hallas, D.Waring, Plenum Pess, London, 1990; 5. B. Stepanov. Chemistry and Technology of Dyes,Chimia, Moskwa,1977; 6. P. Gordon, P. Gregory. Organic Chemistry in Color, Spinger, London, 1983; 7. Fluorescent Whitening Agents, ed. R. Anliker, Thieme, N.Y, 1971; 8. W. Herbst, K.Hunger. Industrial Organic Pigments, VCH, 1993.

9.

Fuels and Ecology

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course outlines the ecological problems in the excavation, transportation, processing and use of the fossil fules, and compares their impact on the environment.

: 1. M. G. Rudin, G. F. Smirnov. Design of Petroleum Processing and Petrochemical Plants. Chimia Publ. Ho., Leningrad, 1984; 2. I. G. Sorkin. Wasteless Production in The Petroleum processing Industry., Chimia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1983; 3. R. B. Ahmedov, L. M. Cirulnikov. Technology of the Combustion of Combustible Gases and Liquid Fuels. Nedra publ. Ho., Leningrad, 1984; 4. N. V. lavrov et al. Processes for Combustion of Fuels and Protection of Environment. Metallurgia Publ. Ho., Moscow, 1981; 5 P.G. Demidov. Combustion and Properties of Combustibles. Technika Publ. Ho., Sofia, 1976.

10.

Specific Reactions in Fine Organic Synthesis

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The knowledge of organic synthesis, obtained in previous courses and the specialized knowledge of specific reactions in fine organic synthesis are upgrade. Alternative methods are discussed.

Literature: A. Mavrova, Lectures on Specific Reactions in Fine Organic Synthesis (2005); 2. Shubin, V.G. Toppics in Current chemistry, Springer Verlag, 1984; 3.Henz G. O. Becker, G. Domschke, E. Fanghaenel et al. Organicum, 19 verarb. Aufl., Berlin, Springer Verag, 1993; 4. Korry, E. G, Bartman U., Beck, G., et al. Current Trends in Organic Synthesis, eds. Mir, Moskva, 1986 (in Russian); 5. Mishtchenko G.L., Vactsuro L., et al. Synthetic Methods in the Organic Chemistry, Chimia, Moskva 1982 (in Russian)

11.

Pharmaceutical Drugs for Human and Veterinary Medicine

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course presents introduction in the most popular drug classes and the principles of their preparation and biological activity.

Literature: 1. . Bijev. Synthetic and Semisynthetic Drugs, HTMU, 2003; 2. . Hristov. Drug Products, ECOPROGRES, 2006; 3. Reiner, Antibiotics, ROCHE, Thieme, 1982; 4. . Belcheva, P. Uzunov, Eds., Pharmacology, ZNANIE EOOD, 1998

12.

Additives for Textiles and Polymers

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The course gives theoretical and technological knowledge on the synthesis, properties and application of different synthetic products and additives such as lightstabilizers, plasticizers, accelerators, flame retardants, photographic and photochromic materials.

Literature: 1 V. Bojinov. Synthetic Organic Products and Additives, UCTM, Sofia, 2005; 2. F. Gugumus. Light stabilizers. In: Plastics Additives Handbook, 4th ed., R. Gachter, H. Muller (Editors), Hanser, Munich, 1996. pp 175-194; 3. Polymer Additives, J. E. Kresta (Edditor), Plenum Press, New York, 1984.

13.

Natural and Synthetic Aromatic Compounds

Chemical Technologies

Specialist

The main objective of the course is to cover the basic natural and synthetic aromatic compounds, methods of synthesis and application in food, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

Literature: 1. E. V. Georgiev. Technology of Natural and Synthetic Aromatic Products, Plovdiv, 1995; 2. D. Dimitrov. Theory of Cosmetic Forms, Plovdiv, 2006; 3. Handbook of Fragrances and Cosmetics, Plovdiv, 2006; 4. S. P. Pletneuv. Surfactants and Compositions, Moskwa, 2002; 5. A. E. Heugreavs. Chemical Formulations, RSC, 2006; 6. The Chemistry of Fragrances, Edited by C.S.Sell, RSC, 2006.